We often see deer alongside a busy highway or out on the trail perusing about and some of us are lucky to have them as daily backyard visitors.

What about Deer?

There are 40 types of deer found throughout the world. Deers are classified as deer due to their antlers which shed and regrow every year, and their split-hooved feet that are adaptable to any environment. Therefore, a moose is in fact, a species of deer…

Arizona Deer

There are 4 types of deer found in Arizona: White-Tailed Deer, Mule Deer, Coues Deer, and Black-Tailed Deer. 

White-Tailed Deer

The White-Tailed Deer is the most prevalent deer species in North America. They prefer their own company over each other’s, however, that changes during meeting season.

They use their tails to communicate with others by raising them upright or wagging them. This is ‘flagging’. Furthermore, they also use their scent as a way of communicating.

They can weigh anywhere from 100-300 pounds and have natural night vision enabling them to be most active at dawn and dusk.

To learn more visit thefactfile.org/white-tailed-deer

White-Tailed Deer fawn

Mule Deer

Mule deer get their name from their large ears, which have a similar resemblance to mules. They range from Alaska to the northernmost spots of Mexico.

Twin fawns occur more naturally within females who have a good nutritional diet and are in the prime of their youth. They have a 4 chambered stomach that allows them to process their food multiple times. Mule deer also choose food that has a high amount of easily digested nutrients therefore, they change their diet seasonally.

To learn more visit muledeer.org

Mule deer in forest

Coues Deer

Coues Deer were discovered in Arizona by Dr. Elliot Coues in the late 1890s. They are a subspecies of White-Tailed Deer and are smaller with large tails and ears.

They make their homes in the deserts of Arizona and New Mexico and love to reside in mountain ranges.

To learn more visit worlddeer.org/coues-deer

Coues Deer

Black-Tailed Deer

Black-Tailed Deer are a subspecies of Mule deer. They get their name from their black tails. Ranging from British Columbia to Mexico, they are smaller and thrive on the edge of forests where the undergrowth is more abundant.

They have supreme eyesight – seeing other animals and people from 2,000 feet away.

To learn more visit coniferousforest.com/black-tailed-deer


More Wonder Facts about Deer:

  • Disney modeled Bambi after a White-Tailed Deer.
  • The Chinese Water Deer sports fangs instead of antlers.
  • The Pudu is the smallest deer species whereas the Irish Elk is the largest.

For more sign up for one of our nature classes at highlandscenter.org/adult-programs

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